Teens and young adults often find the mall is a great place to watch streaming video. Experts on OTT are doubtful the regulators’ plan to control internet content is viable. (EPA photo)
Govt plan to to control internet streaming (YouTube, Facebook video) is probably illegal, say legal experts. Section 44 time, again?
Thailand first in world to regulate YouTube & Facebook?
Legal experts raise issue of jurisdiction
Thailand’s move to control foreign over-the-top content (OTT) service providers such as YouTube by forcing them to set up local businesses (entities) may not be feasible.
Recent efforts to regulate video providers such as YouTube and Facebook has put the government on rocky ground as there are no legal provisions for this, legal experts said this week.
In other words, it would be against the law.
If they tried it, the government would be breaking the law.
Of course, Section 44 would allow the government to bypass or break the law again.
So maybe it will be Section 44 time again?
THAILAND WANTS TO BE THE FIRST IN THE WORLD TO REGULATE YOUTUBE?
No country has regulated OTT services such as YouTube or Facebook yet.
This means Thailand would become the country first to do so.
That is if the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) goes ahead with its plan, said Paiboon Amonpinyokeat, founder of P&P Law Firm.
MANY COUNTRIES EXPERIMENTING WITH REGULATION OF OTC
Many countries are experimenting with regulating OTC, however.
European countries regulate electronic communications and so-called “information society services.”
In the US, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) keeps tabs on online video distribution.
INTERNET IS BORDERLESS, SO YOU CAN SET UP OPERATIONS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD
But one of the key challenges in regulating OTT services is that the internet is borderless, so service providers can set up their entities anywhere in the world.
This is according to Dhiraphol Suwanprateep of the law firm Baker & McKenzie Ltd.
NBTC LACKS THE POWER TO REGULATE OTC & YOUTUBE
He said the NBTC lacks jurisdiction to force foreign players to set up entities in the country as there is no related law in Thailand they must comply with.
“Generally, business operators have a right to operate online services freely.”
“Whether they set up a local entity or not is their choice,” he said.
VIOLATION OF FREE TRADE PRACTICES?
Thai regulators can deal with those who operate from foreign shores by using existing frameworks including international treaties and diplomatic channels, he added.
“Obligating them to establish a local entity is a new issue.”
“It could raise concern about extra-territorial jurisdiction, and is in contradiction with international free trade,” Mr Dhirapol said.
COULD DETER ENTRY INTO THAI MARKET
Setting up local units is financially cumbersome and it can take months for a foreign company to get the necessary licences from the Commerce Ministry, he said.
This could deter some players from entering the Thai market, according to some critics of the NBTC’s plan.
TO LEVEL PLAYING FIELD, DEREGULATE
Mr Dhirapol said the move, which would involve collecting taxes from the OTT service providers, may not help level the playing field.
If traditional services are struggling to compete the government should lower their annual fees or deregulate them instead, he said.
TOO SWIFT REGULATION WILL KILL INNOVATION
Regulators around the world are struggling to deal with incoming OTT players with disruptive business models, said Bunyati Kirdniyom, director of Vriens & Partners, a Singapore-based advisory firm.
Too-swift regulation could kill innovation while tardy implementation may put the OTT service providers beyond the scope of regulators, he warned.
according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something – ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน
borderless : without limits – ไม่มีขอบเขต
challenge : something that needs a lot of skill, energy, and determination to deal with or achieve – สิ่งที่ท้าทาย, การท้าทาย
channel : a way of communicating with people or getting something done – ช่องทาง
comply with : to obey a rule or law or do what someone asks you to do – ปฏิบัติตาม
content : the subject, ideas, or story that a piece of writing or a radio or television programme deals with – เนื้อหา,สาระ
contradiction : a lack of agreement between facts, opinions, actions, etc – ความขัดแย้งกัน, ข้อความขัดแย้งในตัว
critic : a person who expresses disapproval of somebody/something and talks about their bad qualities, especially publicly – ผู้วิจารณ์, ผู้จับผิด, ผู้วิเคราะห์
cumbersome (adj.): something that is difficult to do – ยุ่งยาก, ซึ่งทำให้ลำบาก
deal with : to take action to solve a problem – จัดการปัญหา
deal with : to take appropriate action in a particular situation or according to who you are talking to, managing, etc. – รับมือ
diplomatic : relating to relations between countries – เกี่ยวกับการทูต
effort : an attempt to do something – ความพยายาม
entity : something which exists apart from other things, having its own independent existence –
establish : to start a company or organization that will likely continue for a long time – สถาปนา, ก่อตั้ง, จัดตั้ง
exist : to be real; to be present in a place or situation – มีอยู่
experiment : to try or test new ideas, methods, etc. to find out what effect they have – ทดลอง
expert : someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject – ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ
feasible : that is possible and likely to be achieved – ซึ่งเป็นไปได้
financially : involving money – ทางการเงิน
firm : a business or company – บริษัท
foreign : not typical of somebody/something; not known to somebody/something and therefore seeming strange – ไม่เกี่ยวข้อง,ไม่เหมาะสม,แปลก,ไม่คุ้นเคย
founder (noun): a person who establishes an institution, business, or organisation – ผู้ก่อตั้ง
framework : a system of rules, ideas or beliefs that is used to plan or decide something – ขอบข่ายงาน, โครงร่าง
free trade : when goods and services can pass freely between different countries without paying taxes, tariffs or encountering other “barriers to trade” – การค้าเสรี
generally : true in most cases and situations – โดยทั่วไป, โดยปกติ, ส่วนมาก
international : connected with or involving two or more countries – นานาชาติ, สากล, ระหว่างประเทศ
issue : a problem that needs to be considered – ประเด็น
jurisdiction : a country or area in which a particular legal system operates – ขอบเขตอำนาจที่ศาลและกฏหมายควบคุมไปถึง
jurisdiction : the authority that an official organisation has to make legal decisions about somebody/something – เขตอำนาจตามกฎหมาย
key : most important – ที่สำคัญ
lack (verb): to not have something – ขาด
legal : relating to the law or lawyers – เกี่ยวกับกฎหมาย
licence : an official document that gives someone permission to do or use something – ใบอนุญาต
local (adjective): in this country (Thailand) –
move (noun): action –
National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) : the independent government agency which oversees and regulates the Thai telecoms and broadcasting industry – สำนักงานคณะกรรมการกิจการกระจายเสียง กิจการโทรทัศน์และกิจการโทรคมนาคมแห่งชาติ
necessary (adj.): essential, needful, something that you must do or have – จำเป็น, ซึ่งเลี่ยงไม่ได้, ซึ่งเป็นที่ต้องการ, สำคัญ
obligated : required to do something – ซึ่งต้องทำ, ซึ่งผูกมัด
online : controlled by or connected to a computer or to the Internet – ออนไลน์, การเชื่อมต่อผ่านระบบเครือข่ายทางคอมพิวเตอร์
operate : to carry out a planned activity involving a lot of people to work in a particular way or from a particular place – ปฏิบัติ, ปฏิบัติงาน
operator (noun): a person or company that runs a business – ผู้ดำเนินกิจการทางธุรกิจ, ผู้ประกอบธุรกิจ
over-the-top : watching TV or movies over the internet instead of through a regular TV station –
player (noun): a person, organization or company involved in some activity or industry –
provider (noun): a company that “provides” some service to customers –
provision : a part of an agreement or law that deals with a particular problem – มาตรา, บทบัญญัติ,
recent : happening or starting a short time ago – เร็วๆ นี้
regulate : to control an activity officially by using rules – ควบคุม
regulate : to control an activity officially – ควบคุม
regulator : an official (or organisation) who makes certain that the companies who operate a system work effectively and fairly – ผู้มีอำนาจควบคุม
related (adj): connected with something/somebody; referring to something/somebody – เชื่อมโยงกับ
right : a moral or legal claim to have or get something or to behave in a particular – สิทธิ
rocky ground : in a difficult situation –
set up : to create something or start it – ตั้งขึ้น
shore : the land along the edge of the sea or ocean, a lake or another large area of water – ชายฝั่ง
treaty : a written agreement between two or more countries formally approved and signed by their leaders – ข้อตกลง, สนธิสัญญา